Condition of English in Bangladesh: Second Language or Foreign Language
Bangladesh is considered to be a monolingual country in which more than 98% of the population is speakers of Bangla language.Where philosophy and later science, its successor have dominated this field of inquiry, literature seems to be this new platform for these very old questions. Literature in the mid 20th century moved against its detractors in calling into question all forms of knowledge, because all discourses utilize language inevitably as the main vehicle of communication. However, there are more than ten languages in such a small country like Bangladesh.As a result, all writings from political theories to psychology are regarded simply as different species of writing and hence, come under the purview of literature. Monipuri, Urdu, Chakma, Santali, Garo, Rakhain, Tipra- are just some of the other languages present in Bangladesh.Since literary studies involves analysing writing itself, the field has widened to include other forms of writing instead of what is simply deemed as fiction. The interesting thing is that Urdu is a Indo-European language but written in Arabic script, Santali belongs to the Mono-Khemar language family while Chakma belongs to the Chinese-Barmese language group.Although, the core texts of literary studies have remained traditional i.e. So, although Bangladesh is often portrayed as a country of linguistic unity based on Bangla language in reality it has notable linguistic diversity.‘fictional’ works, the methods and devices used are applied to non-fictional texts e.g. To communicate with the speakers of other languages we either need to know their language or communicate in a Lingua-Franca that is comprehensible to both of us.biography, journalistic writing etc. Another point must be added in literature’s recent response to sceptics and that is, since all writing must pertain to a recognisable form of expression, the question remains then, how valid is the truth content of so called non-fictional texts, when it is governed by pre-existing rules of expression. Today, the world has become a global village. This discussion is an apt example of the fertile ground of modern literary theory, in particular, the relationship between language and experience. Thanks to the advancement of communication system and technology.Instead on dwelling on these modern issues of how a discourse like literary theory evolved out of the confusion of other disciplines, perhaps a historical look at literary studies must be revived; not in a nostalgic sense, but one that provides a definable shape where the future relevance of literature can be sought. The study of literature is the study of modes of communication. Every country is dependent on others for trade and commerce, education, politics etc.The texts that are analysed and discussed are literary texts. As a result, we have to constantly communicate with other countries and speakers of other languages.It can include any writing of stylistic merit and works that contribute to the body of human knowledge. Third world countries like Bangladesh have to depend on foreign aid because they are not self-sufficient.The aim of which is to use this method of inquiry in other fields. As a result, many foreigners come to Bangladesh.I have just outlined a position of literary studies that seems novel but in truth, it is an older attitude. The study of literature did not exist in the way we know it today. cheap cell phones A third factor is the factor of religion.In some ways, it is a very modern discipline, but it can also be said to be one of the oldest disciplines. The sacred language of the Muslims is Arabic, Sanskrit for Hindus, Pali for the Buddhists and Latin for the Christians.If we allow ourselves to include the oral tradition of the ancient world, where poets studied the methods of narrating ‘stories’, we understand there is a formal method to those ancient works. mp3 players All these factors remind us the necessity for learning other language(s) in addition to our mother tongue.These poets had ‘formalised’ techniques in the form of rhythms and refrains, which were learnt and subsequently, performed. According to this reality many countries of the world have adopted a European language as second language which is often used in education, law court, economic activities and government works.The fact that the earliest poets understood devices and techniques is evidence of literary methods. wow gold These languages have most of the time official status in the constitution of those countries.A modern may still make this association that the study of literature is connected to the act of performance in all its manifestations. Many of the cases the countries have adopted the language of their past colonial rulers as the second language.Indeed, a craftsman must learn the tools of the trade to understand and preserve a tradition, which scholars, in the case of ancient Greece have attributed to Homer, but in the modern day context the study of literature has lost that affinity for creating artistic products. wow gold Sometimes these languages are also called official language.Studying literature does not necessarily result in the production of great literature (whatever that may be). Literature in the ancient world was inextricably bounded up with social life. In many African countries we can see this picture.We know for instance that poetry was part of religious ritual, rites and collective history. wow gold kaufen On the other hand, some European languages have become very important in the world for literary and economic purposes.In other words, literature had a social function in the ancient world whose dominant form was poetry, which communicated to the community various aspects of its tradition and history.